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Are You Nearsighted or Farsighted?

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Blog

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EyeQue Team

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November 9, 2017

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Refractive errors are one of the most common and correctable causes of visual impairment. This happens when the eye cannot focus light properly on the retina, which is the light-sensitive tissue lining the back of the eye. Nearly 42% of Americans ages 12-54 are nearsighted (myopia). This is an increase from 25% percent in 1971! Farsightedness (hyperopia) is far less common. It affects just 5-10% of people in the U.S. Both of these are refractive errors – a person who is nearsighted can see close objects clearly but has more difficulty seeing distant objects. A person who is farsighted can see distant objects clearly but has problems seeing close objects.

What Does It Mean to Be Nearsighted (Myopia)?

Nearsightedness occurs when the eyeball is too long from front to back, or when the cornea (clear front cover of the eye) is steeply curved. When this occurs, the light entering the eye focuses in the front of the retina, instead of on its surface. In about 10% of nearsighted people, the condition progresses in severity. Signs of myopia include:

  • Difficulty reading road signs or distant objects clearly
  • Poor performance in school
  • Squinting
  • Eye Strain
  • Headaches
  • Tired eyes when driving or playing sports
  • Sitting closer to the television, movie or computer screen
  • Rubbing eyes or blinking frequently (children)
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Do you know if your child is nearsighted or farsighted? Testing your child’s vision can help.

What Does It Mean to Be Farsighted (Hyperopia)?

You are farsighted when your eyeball is too short from front to back, the cornea is not curved enough, or the lens sits farther back in the eye than normal. As a result, light entering the eye focuses behind the retina, rather than directly on its surface. Many infants are farsighted at birth, however, they grow out of it and far more children end up nearsighted due to environmental factors. Signs of farsightedness include:

  • Difficulty performing tasks like sewing or reading
  • Blurred vision, especially at night
  • Aching eyes
  • Eyestrain
  • Rubbing eyes or blinking frequently (children)

Measuring Visual Acuity and Refractive Errors

A doctor uses a standardized Snellen chart placed 20 feet away to test visual acuity. During the exam, you read progressively small letters, one eye at a time until you can no longer clearly distinguish them. “Normal” or 20/20 vision means you can clearly read specific letters from 20 feet away. If you have 20/40 vision, this means you can read letters from 20 feet that most people see clearly when they are 40 feet away. The EyeQue Insight is a new at-home visual acuity screener that allows anyone ages 6 and above to check the clarity of vision in under 3 minutes. This number only indicates visual acuity, so a different measuring device is required to obtain a prescription correction.

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The EyeQue Insight Visual Acuity Device

 

A device called a phoropter or refractor is a quick means of determining the refractive error to obtain a prescription. You view this device that contains lenses of different strengths while an eye doctor tests your vision. Your eye doctor will ask you which of the two combinations of lenses looks clearer until he or she finds the best correction for each eye. The EyeQue Personal Vision Tracker lets you obtain the same spherical, cylindrical, and axis figures that your eye doctor uses to generate a prescription. The Personal Vision Tracker measures the amount of correction needed for light to focus correctly on your retina.

What Do the Numbers of a Prescription Mean?

When you have a piece of paper with mysterious numbers and abbreviations, indicating your eyeglass or contact lens prescription, you may have no idea what it means.

A diopter is a standard unit of measurement on eyeglass prescriptions. A negative diopter number specifies nearsightedness. A positive number indicates farsightedness. A diopter designates how powerful a lens is needed to properly focus light on a person’s retina. Many people have astigmatism in addition to myopia or hyperopia. In astigmatism, the cornea has a curvature imperfection, or the lens is distorted, resulting in both near and far objects appearing blurry.

  • O.D. represents the right eye
  • O.S. represents the left eye
  • Spherical: the measurement in diopters to correct for nearsightedness and farsightedness
  • Cylindrical: the measurement in diopters to correct for astigmatism
  • Axis: indicates where astigmatism is located along the horizontal axis of the eye
  • ADD or N.V. is used for bifocal/progressive lenses

New Product: VisionCheck

EyeQue's VisionCheck
EyeQue’s VisionCheck

VisionCheck is our second-generation Personal Vision Tracker. You can test refractive error and order glasses online with the results. Updates include Bluetooth automation, enhanced optics, and a new PDCheck feature that allows you to measure your PD within seconds.

Need New Glasses? Get The NEW At-Home VisionCheck!

Test your vision, measure your pupillary distance, and order glasses online with your results.

Pre-Order Now!
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